As one of the forerunners of the modern cargo and passenger vans, the Type 2 gave rise to forward control competitors in the United States in the 1960s, including the Ford Econoline, the Dodge A100, and the Chevrolet Corvair 95 Corvan, the latter adapting the rear-engine configuration of the Corvair car in the same manner in which the VW Type 2 adapted the Type 1 layout.European competition included the 1947–1981 Citroën H Van, the 1959–1980 Renault Estafette(both FF layout), and the 1953–1965 FR layout Ford Transit.Japanese manufacturers also introduced similar vehicles, such as the Nissan Caravan, Toyota LiteAce and Subaru Sambar.Like the Beetle, the van has received numerous nicknames worldwide, including the "microbus", "minibus", and, because of its popularity during the counterculture movement of the 1960s, "Hippie van/bus" has become its most popular.OverviewProductionAugust 1967 – July 1979 (Europe and US)1968–1994 (Mexico)1976 – Dec 2013 (Brazil)1980–1986 (Argentina)AssemblyWest Germany: HannoverWest Germany: EmdenArgentina: General PachecoBrazil: São Bernardo do CampoMexico: Puebla, PueblaAustralia: MelbourneBody and chassisClassLight commercial vehicle(M)Body style4-door panel van/panel truck4-door minibus2-door pickup (regular cab)3-door pickup (crew cab)LayoutRR layoutPlatformVolkswagen Group T2 platformPowertrainEngine1.6 L B4 (petrol)1.7 L B4 (petrol)1.8 L B4 (petrol)1.8 L I4 (petrol)2.0 L B4 (petrol)Transmission4-speed manual3-speed automaticDimensionsWheelbase2,400 mm (94.5 in)Length4,505 mm (177.4 in)Width1,720 mm (67.7 in)Height1,940 mm (76.4 in)
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