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As one of the forerunners of the modern cargo and passenger vans, the Type 2 gave rise toforward controlcompetitors in the United States in the 1960s, including theFord Econoline, theDodge A100, and theChevrolet Corvair 95 Corvan, the latter adapting therear-engine configurationof the Corvair car in the same manner in which the VW Type 2 adapted the Type 1 layout.European competition included the 1947–1981Citroën H Van, the 1959–1980Renault Estafette(bothFF layout), and the 1953–1965FR layoutFord Transit.Japanese manufacturers also introduced similar vehicles, such as theNissan Caravan,Toyota LiteAceandSubaru Sambar.Like the Beetle, the van has received numerous nicknames worldwide, including the "microbus", "minibus",and, because of its popularity during thecounterculture movement of the 1960s, "Hippie van/bus" has become its most popular.OverviewProductionAugust 1967 – July 1979 (Europe and US)1968–1994 (Mexico)1976 – Dec 2013 (Brazil)1980–1986 (Argentina)AssemblyWest Germany:HannoverWest Germany:EmdenArgentina:General PachecoBrazil:São Bernardo do CampoMexico:Puebla, PueblaAustralia:MelbourneBody and chassisClassLight commercial vehicle(M)Bodystyle4-doorpanel van/panel truck4-doorminibus2-doorpickup(regular cab)3-doorpickup(crew cab)LayoutRR layoutPlatformVolkswagen Group T2 platformPowertrainEngine1.6LB4(petrol)1.7L B4 (petrol)1.8L B4 (petrol)1.8LI4(petrol)2.0L B4 (petrol)Transmission4-speedmanual3-speedautomaticDimensionsWheelbase2,400mm (94.5in)Length4,505mm (177.4in)Width1,720mm (67.7in)Height1,940mm (76.4in)
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